Movies, as a medium of visual expression, have been widely enhanced by the implementation of special effects. These effects are techniques utilized to create illusions or augment scenes that cannot be attained through traditional means. And we love what it brings to the table.
These special effects are broadly categorized into two subsets: VFX (Visual Effects) and CGI (Computer-Generated Imagery).
The domains of VFX and CGI are two subdivisions of the special effects category, extensively employed in modern cinema. Despite their interchangeable use, they exhibit an innate and profound difference. VFX pertains to the intricate process of fabricating digital imagery, which is merged with live-action footage.
This process encompasses an array of techniques, ranging from augmenting the surrounding ambience and enhancing the specialized effects used on the film set, to adding entities and characters. On the contrary, CGI delves into creating 3D computer-generated imagery, which can be utilized to formulate a comprehensive range of structures, from absolute environments to characters and creatures.
By using animation project management software, the quality and efficiency of making VFX & CGI can be increased to the next level. As it can help studios to track visual and 3d artists’ performances, keep the team on one platform and meet the project deadlines, it becomes easier for studios to have large multiple creative projects in their bucket.
Today, we’ll dive deeper into the different phases of VFX and CGI and compare which one is better than the other.
Let’s get into it.
Special Effects: What is VFX & CGI?
VFX or visual effects, is comprise the process of creating, developing and enhancing visual shots on the screen. VFX making involves computer-generated imagery (CGI), digital compositing, and other techniques to create or enhance visual effects that cannot be achieved through practical means.
CGI, or computer-generated imager is the means by which studios can create computer generated graphics for static or moving images.
Deep Dive Into VFX:
In the realm of modern filmmaking, the utilization of VFX technology and VFX project management software has become an elaborate and imperative tool for visual and special effects creation, surpassing what was once deemed impossible. VFX is extensively implemented in various visual mediums such as movies, TV shows, and even commercials to generate an array of visuals ranging from veritable explosions to entire metropolises.
VFX employs the amalgamation of live-action footage with CGI to develop a visually coherent effect. The process entails a couple of main phases, including pre-visualization, filming, and post-production. Thus having a VFX bidding software can help to estimate the entire schedule of the film.
Before the inception of the filming, cinema creators fabricate a pre-visualization, commonly known as “pre-vis,” which entails an initial rough animated blueprint of the scenario. This methodology enables the filmmakers to meticulously strategize the angles and the visual effects that are important to develop the anticipated outcome.
During the filming process, the actors enact their roles in front of a green screen, which is subsequently swapped with computer-generated imagery in post-production. The filmmakers additionally record intricate details about the illumination and movements of the camera, which are then employed to seamlessly incorporate the computer-generated imagery into the scene.
After the production phase, the team in charge of visual effects utilizes highly specialized software to fabricate computer-generated imagery components crucial to the scene. Then they employ advanced compositing techniques to integrate the live-action footage with the computer-generated imagery components, ultimately mixing up illumination, shading, and various other effects to develop an unnoticeable final product.
Pros of VFX:
- Non-Destructive (Original footage can be preserved)
Cons of VFX:
- Involves high cost
Deep Dive Into CGI:
CGI comprises the procedure of fabricating images or animated graphics utilizing software technology. This innovative approach allows for the creation of images that are either realistic or out of this world, something that would have been impracticable or arduous to achieve with conventional filmmaking techniques.
Simply put, it is actually a subset of VFX but involves a few methodologies and components of its own that sets it apart from VFX.
The process of CGI includes the following phases:
Creating 3D Models:
The first stage consists of constructing 3-dimensional models that embody objects, characters, or scenes that will be utilized in the film. This process is carried out by deploying specialized software like Autodesk Maya or Blender, whereby these models are either crafted anew or are grounded on real-world entities.
After the creation of 3D models, the next stage is texturing. It involves adding surface details to the created models. This helps in making them look more realistic.
Rigging, Animation and Lighting:
Rigging is the next stage which involves developing a digital skeleton around the model which will allow them to be animated. This will allow the animators to create realistic movements with respect to the objects. Lighting is added alongside the animation which will help in adding shadows, highlights and other visual effects.
Rendering and Composting:
Once the 3D models are animated, they are now prepared to be converted into 2D images and videos. This takes a lot of time since it takes a significant amount of computational power to calculate the position, brightness and colour of each and every pixel. The final stage is composting which comprises converting the rendered footage into live-action footage. These come under the post-production process.
Pros of CGI:
- Cheaper than VFX
- More creative freedom compared to VFX
Cons of CGI:
- Affects the film’s authenticity
- Highly skilled technicians required
- Animation is sometimes difficult
The resolution to this debate as to which one is better than the other is chiefly subject to the specific necessities of the project at hand and the innovative perspective of the film producers. Both Visual Effects (VFX) and Computer Generated Imagery (CGI) are vital instruments in present-day filmmaking and each possesses its own advantages and disadvantages.
VFX is especially valuable for enhancing live-action footage, whilst CGI is best tailored for originating completely new worlds and personas. Eventually, the determination of which technique to employ will hinge on the demands of the project and the imaginative vision of the film producers.
In conclusion, both VFX and CGI have contributed significantly to the evolution of the filmmaking industry. The selection of one over the other relies solely on the filmmaker’s vision and the specific requirements of the project.
While VFX offers more versatility and is non-destructive to the original footage, it is a time-consuming and costly process. On the other hand, CGI is relatively cheaper and offers more creative freedom but can affect the film’s authenticity and requires highly skilled technicians.
However, it is essential to note that VFX and CGI are not standalone methods but are interconnected and used together to enhance the cinematic experience. The combination of these two techniques offers endless possibilities to create a visual spectacle that transcends the audience’s imagination.
The advancement in technology has enabled filmmakers to explore and experiment with different visual effects, from constructing entire worlds to bringing extinct creatures to life. Moreover, with the rise of animation project management software, the creation of VFX and CGI has become more streamlined and efficient.
In conclusion, both VFX and CGI have revolutionized the filmmaking industry and are here to stay. As technology advances, we can expect more stunning visuals and special effects that will take our cinematic experience to the next level.