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What is a gaited horse in comparison to a regular horse?

A gaited horse is a type of horse that possesses natural, unique, and smooth intermediate gaits in addition to the standard walk, trot, and canter/gallop. These intermediate gaits are often referred to as “ambling” or “gaited” gaits. In comparison to a regular horse, which typically performs the walk, trot, and canter/gallop, gaited horses have an additional set of gaits that provide a comfortable and smooth riding experience for the rider.

The most well-known and widely recognized gaited horse breeds include the Tennessee Walking Horse, the Paso Fino, the Missouri Fox Trotter, and the Icelandic Horse, among others. Each breed has its specific intermediate gait(s) that are unique to that breed.

The intermediate gaits of gaited horses differ from the regular gaits of non-gaited horses in several ways:

Smoothness and Comfort:

Gaited horses are known for their unique gaits, which provide a smoother and more comfortable riding experience compared to regular horses. Let’s explore the characteristics that contribute to the smoothness and comfort of gaited horses:

Natural Gaits: 

Gaited horses possess natural, inherited gaits that differ from the typical walk, trot, and canter of regular horses. These gaits, such as the running walk, rack, paso fino, and tölt, are smooth, rhythmic, and often exhibit minimal vertical movement. These gaits are achieved through a specific combination of footfall patterns, timing, and coordination of the horse’s legs.

Four-Beat Gaits: 

Many gaited horses exhibit four-beat gaits, meaning that each foot strikes the ground independently in a distinct sequence. This results in a more stable and balanced movement, reducing the jarring or bouncing motion experienced during faster gaits of regular horses like trot or canter. The four-beat gait allows for a smoother ride and less strain on the rider’s body.

Lateral Movements: 

Gaited horses often have lateral leg movements, where the legs on one side of the horse move in unison. This lateral movement creates a side-to-side motion, as opposed to the up-and-down motion of regular horses. The lateral movements contribute to the smoothness and comfort of the ride, as the horse’s motion is distributed laterally rather than vertically.

Suspension and Overstride: 

Gaited horses, particularly those with long-striding gaits, exhibit suspension and overstride. Suspension refers to a momentary pause or “hovering” phase when all four feet are off the ground during the gait, providing a gliding sensation for the rider. Overstride refers to the horse’s hind legs reaching forward and stepping ahead of their front legs, extending the horse’s stride length. These characteristics enhance the smoothness and comfort by reducing jarring motions and providing a longer, more fluid stride.

Natural Balance and Collection: 

Gaited horses often possess a natural sense of balance and collection. They have an inherent ability to carry themselves in a balanced manner, engaging their hindquarters and lifting their backs. This balance and collection contribute to a smoother ride, as the horse distributes its weight more evenly and moves with greater efficiency.

Temperament and Trainability: 

Gaited horses are known for their gentle and willing temperaments, which can contribute to a more comfortable riding experience. They are often responsive to rider cues and have a natural inclination to perform their gaits smoothly and consistently. Additionally, gaited horses are typically bred and selected for their smooth gaits, resulting in generations of horses with inherent smoothness and comfort.

It’s important to note that while gaited horses are generally known for their smooth and comfortable gaits, individual variation exists within gaited breeds and even among horses within the same breed. Factors such as conformation, training, and the skill of the rider can also influence the smoothness and comfort of the ride. Therefore, it’s recommended to ride and experience different gaited horses to find the one that best suits your preferences for a smooth and comfortable ride.

Ease of Riding:

Gaited horses are often considered more user-friendly for riders of varying skill levels. Their intermediate gaits tend to be easier to sit and maintain than the bouncier trot or canter. This can be especially appealing for novice riders or individuals who may feel more secure and confident on a gaited horse. The smoothness of their gaits can provide a more forgiving and balanced ride, allowing riders to focus on their balance, position, and connection with the horse.


While gaited horses are often associated with specific disciplines like trail riding, they can excel in a variety of equestrian activities. Many gaited horse breeds participate in endurance riding, where the smooth gaits and stamina of these horses make them well-suited for long-distance events. Gaited horses can also be competitive in certain show arenas that highlight their unique gaits, such as gaited horse shows or exhibitions. Their versatility allows riders to explore different equestrian pursuits while enjoying the comfort and smoothness of their gaits.

Enjoyment for Pleasure Riding:

For riders who primarily ride for pleasure and recreation, gaited horses offer a distinct advantage. The smooth and effortless gaits of gaited horses can enhance the overall riding experience, allowing riders to relax, enjoy the scenery, and spend extended periods in the saddle without discomfort. This makes gaited horses popular choices for leisurely trail rides or recreational riding activities where rider comfort and enjoyment are paramount.

Connection with the Horse:

The smooth gaits of gaited horses facilitate a closer connection and communication between the rider and the horse. The absence of jarring movements allows riders to have better stability and contact with the horse’s back, enabling them to feel subtle shifts in rhythm and movement. This enhanced connection can foster a deeper bond and understanding between rider and horse, resulting in a more harmonious partnership.

Individuality and Breed Characteristics:

Gaited horse breeds exhibit distinct qualities and traits that make them unique and desirable to different riders. Here are a few examples:

Tennessee Walking Horse:

The Tennessee Walking Horse is well-known for its signature gait, the running walk. This breed possesses a natural ability to perform a four-beat gait with a distinct head nod and a smooth, gliding motion. Their smooth gaits, along with their gentle and willing temperament, make them popular choices for pleasure riding, trail riding, and even show competitions. Tennessee Walking Horses come in various colors and sizes, offering riders a wide range of options to suit their preferences.

Paso Fino:

The Paso Fino is a breed with roots in Latin America, particularly Puerto Rico and Colombia. Paso Finos exhibit three distinct gaits: the fino, corto, and largo. The fino gait is extremely smooth and characterized by rapid footfall and high action in the front legs. The corto gait offers a comfortable, ground-covering stride, while the largo gait is a faster, more extended gait. Paso Finos are celebrated for their versatility, beauty, and elegance. They excel in pleasure riding, trail riding, and various show disciplines, showcasing their unique gaits and graceful movements.

Missouri Fox Trotter:

The Missouri Fox Trotter is a breed renowned for its ability to perform the fox trot, a smooth and rhythmic gait. This gait involves a broken diagonal footfall pattern that results in a gliding motion. Missouri Fox Trotters are known for their versatility, soundness, and surefootedness. They are often favored by trail riders due to their comfortable gaits, stamina, and ability to navigate challenging terrain. Additionally, they are highly regarded for their calm disposition and adaptability to different riding styles and disciplines.

Icelandic Horse:

The Icelandic Horse is a breed hailing from Iceland and is notable for its unique gaits called tölt and flying pace. The tölt is a four-beat lateral gait that is exceptionally smooth and comfortable for riders. It allows the horse to maintain a steady speed while exhibiting natural suspension and agility. The flying pace is a two-beat gait characterized by incredible speed and suspension. Icelandic Horses are celebrated for their versatility, strength, and endurance. They are well-suited for long-distance riding, trail exploration, and even traditional Icelandic competitions such as the tölt or four-gait competitions.

These are just a few examples of gaited horse breeds and their individual characteristics. Each breed has its own distinct set of gaits, appearance, temperament, and riding qualities. These breed-specific traits allow riders to choose a gaited horse that aligns with their preferences, whether it be a specific gait, appearance, or overall riding experience. It’s worth noting that within each breed, there can be variations in individual horses’ gaits and temperaments, so it’s important to assess and select horses on an individual basis.

Understanding the individuality and breed characteristics of gaited horses enables riders to make informed choices when selecting a horse that best suits their riding goals, preferences, and style. Whether you seek a smooth and comfortable ride, elegance and grace, or versatility and endurance, the diversity within gaited horse breeds offers a range of options to cater to different riders’ needs.


In summary, gaited horses offer a range of advantages over regular non-gaited horses. Their smoothness, comfort, ease of riding, versatility, and connection with the rider contribute to an enhanced riding experience. Gaited horses excel in pleasure riding, trail riding, endurance riding, and certain show competitions, offering riders a unique and enjoyable equestrian journey.


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